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The need for transparency in terms of data accessibility is growing for both companies and regulatory authorities. Blockchain can meet this demand by providing a distributed ledger system with the benefits of cryptography to protect transactions from alteration. In addition, blockchain can be used in various steps within the supply chain to provide transparency and traceability through-ought the chain’s journey while protecting sensitive data across all stakeholders involved.
It will enable greater scalability because blockchain moves at an unprecedented speed that functions well with today’s tools and processes without the risk of overload or bottlenecking due to heavy volumes of transactions. As a result, blockchain technology has potential applications in an enormous variety of sectors of fintech industries.
- Financial services and international payments.
Financial services are typically transacted across networks, including domestic and international banks, credit institutions, broker-dealers, investment companies, and stock exchanges. Blockchain-enabled financial services would allow customers to instantly request transactions on all the networks at a lower cost when the transaction is initiated in one country; complete when finished on another network; provide instant payment confirmation; provide trade finance tracking capabilities, etc.
- Asset management and transaction services.
It encompasses investment-, credit-, and trading-related activities. Blockchain is expected to enhance efficiency and reduce costs in this sector because it can eliminate counterparty risk, increase transparency of transactions, reduce settlement time, speed up asset transfer, etc. As a result, blockchain can reduce costs, speed up decisions, and streamline the corporate finance sector process. Many companies are already using blockchain technology for real-time securities settlement and supporting trade finance transactions.
Users can use blockchain applications to enhance the integrity of claims, reduce and verify fraud, streamline processes and facilitate faster claims processing. It is estimated that by 2022 the insurance industry will save $56 billion annually on intermediary services when using blockchain technology in their international payments processes. However, the insurance industry still needs to fully utilize this technology as they are still putting more effort into understanding the nature of its benefits and risks.
How will blockchain embrace the supply chain relationship in fintech?
A decentralized space:
Blockchain can provide a decentralized, reliable, transparent, and auditable system. It has the characteristics of decentralization that will allow organizations to build on their own or search for the best solution for their needs in the early stages of adoption. If a company needs to gain knowledge or expertise in blockchain, it can work with other entities to pilot or implement one for them. The blockchain has features that ensure transparency providing access to all participants. They can choose if and what information to make available to other participants.
Blockchain can provide real-time transactions that can be monitored in real-time for fraud prevention and risk management because of its transparency. It is estimated that creating a complex transaction network with all these features in a centralized system could cost at least $100 million and take years to finish. In contrast, blockchain can reduce these costs by more than 95% by integrating all nodes into the current system.
It is acknowledged that companies will use blockchain to transfer documents, important information, or business data. However, it can also be used by people in real-time payments. It will help companies to manage their cash flow better and reduce payment backflow, which could cause issues in the current payment system. So blockchain can contribute to executing cash flows across financial institutions, transacting entities, and other entities that may not be electronic finance institutions.
Supply chain finance
SCF has been used to address the issues associated with the procurement of materials to be obtained from different suppliers. The SCF is implemented through the use of technology and commercial financing processes.
Blockchain will support SCF because it can provide the necessary transparency, traceability, and traceability that would allow companies to reduce capital costs, increase efficiency and reduce cycles by identifying more brilliant supply chain relationships.
Blockchain can be used as a digital platform to integrate trade documents. It also allows businesses to integrate digitally with their logistics suppliers, freight forwarders, and customs & border protection authorities. The complex supply chain presents many difficult issues for big corporations to solve by themselves. Therefore, they are looking for solutions like blockchains to help them improve efficiency by putting all these disparate entities under one system.
The Blockchain Is Already Transforming Supply Chain Management in finance:
In the current systems, tracking all the leads, suppliers, and customers involved in supply chains is hard because they need to share their data or a single tracking server. The blockchain can help companies to integrate all these entities into a single network without them having to share their specific data or a central tracking server that could potentially be accessed by hackers and stolen by competitors.
Blockchain is also expected to create efficiency by reducing costs and enhancing transparency, traceability, and traceability; increasing the speed of transactions, improving cooperation between individuals and entities; enhancing data security; manage the integrity of transactions. Potential benefits of blockchain in insurance include reduction of fraud, reduced settlement times, and increased settlement transparency.
Insurance will benefit more if it becomes more efficient in providing faster distribution networks for its business customers. These networks will need to be centralized, so the industry will have to evolve from the current manual processes to embrace new technology, including digitalization, big data analytics, and significant data architecture.