US News reports that web developer is the 8th best tech career to have, and web development employment is expected to grow by 8% in the following ten years. In June 2021, there were 1.8 billion websites on the Internet. And the number is growing daily. This provides serious job security for web developers, the professionals responsible for building, coding, and maintaining these websites. 

But if you want to start a career in web development, how do you know what kind of web development work to seek out? If you browsed the Internet to find more about this profession, you probably found out that web development breaks down into three primary careers, full-stack developer, front-end developer, and back-end developer. Are there any differences between these professions?

Front-end developers are responsible for the part of the website users interact with. They learn one of the three main programming languages (CSS, HTML, and JavaScript) and work with user experience analysts and web designers to ensure they deliver a product that accurately fits the user’s preferences. Front-end developers create everything you see on a website; they assemble the pieces they receive from designers, photographers, and content creators and translate them into web-speak.

Back-end developers build and maintain the technology behind the components of a website to enable the user-facing part of the website to exist. They use server-side languages like Java, Python, Ruby, PHP, and .Net to change data. Back-end developers work with business stakeholders to understand their requirements and write the code that translates them into website architecture.

Full-stack developers are jack-of-all-trades as they work on both sides of the website. It’s a challenging profession because not everyone can be good at mastering both. They need to use front-end languages to control how the content looks on the website and back-end tools to manage the server-side of web programming.

Back-end developers are in high demand at the moment, with brands like Apple and Google hungry to recruit specialists who have knowledge of coding algorithms, languages, and programming tools. If you want to pursue this career path, you’ve come to the right place because this article talks about the skills you need to land a back-end developer job.

Expertise and skills needed to become a back-end developer

Tools like Postman and Git and programming languages like SQL, Java, Phyton, and NoSQL are mandatory skills for back-end developers. But the list of skills and aptitudes isn’t limited to them, as new techniques and tech innovations enter the web development world daily. Keeping up with the latest innovations is part of the job, especially because they reduce your coding efforts.

Let’s check the extensive list of technological expertise and technical skills you need to land a job as a back-end developer.

– Be an expert in the programming language you choose.

– Master more than one programming language. Supposing you learn Phyton to become a Phyton back-end developer, you should also learn about the other frameworks (.Net, Ruby, Java) to increase your chances of being recruited by a top company.

– Experience working with CSS, HTML, JavaScript, and Bootstrap as they’re essential to communicate with front-end developers and ensure that you deliver a product the client is happy with.

– Security and accessibility compliance knowledge.

– SQLServer, MySQL, MariaDB, MongoDB, and Oracle knowledge, as these technologies are often used in the process.

– Knowledge of and experience working with version control systems.

– Information about SOAP and REST web services.

– Knowledge about managing cloud technologies.

– Linux experience to manage servers. Back-end development is all server-side development, and therefore this skill is vital because you must know how servers function. Most servers support Linux, so if you know the basics of Linux, you can apply for most back-end jobs available on the market.

– Knowledge of mobile and desktop application architecture and logic.

– Experience with frameworks like PHP, Micronaut, Spring, and Django. Each programming language has an associated framework that has a role in supporting the development of web applications. Frameworks provide the foundations on which you can create a program with the help of the programming language you use.

– Knowledge of data structures.

– Knowledge of APIs as they’ve become an essential aspect of back-end web development. An API is an interface that enables multiple applications to work together and plays a paramount role in developing server-side architectures.

– Problem-solving skills.

– Interpersonal and good communication skills.

Estimated back-end developer salary

As tech giants like Apple, Google, and Microsoft have headquarters in the USA, the American continent has always led the digital revolution. Therefore, the USA has the highest front-end and back-end salaries (between $60,932 and $68,150 a year for a front-end developer and between $57,500 to $78,052 annually for a back-end developer). Europe also offers high salaries for back-end developers. For example, the average back end developer salary in the United Kingdom is $58,333. The figure can vary according to experience, expertise, country, company, skills, and other similar factors. Back-end developers usually have higher salaries than front-end developers because the specialists from the last category usually complete their tasks with the help of a series of automated tools. In contrast, the others need extensive technical expertise.

Does the information overwhelm you?

No one would blame you if you find it challenging to keep track of the numerous skills you need to learn if you want to become a back-end developer. A career in this domain is an excellent opportunity if you’re passionate about technology and interested in programming. As you enrol in the classes of a programming school, you’ll be surprised to see that you acquire the most skills during classes. And there are also many other ways to gain the needed expertise and aptitudes. You can even join a coding boot camp that teaches web development. The perfect educational path depends on your preferences and needs and whether you want to engage in specialised training or acquire a broader range of aptitudes.


Dariia Herasymova is a Recruitment Team Lead at Devox Software. She hires software development teams for startups, small businesses, and enterprises. She carries out a full cycle of recruitment; creates job descriptions based on talks with clients, searches and interviews candidates, and onboards the newcomers. Dariia knows how to build HR and recruitment processes from scratch. She strives to find a person with appropriate technical and soft skills who will share the company’s values. When she has free time, she writes articles on various outsourcing models for our blog.

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