Driving at night is not as easy and harmless as it might seem at first, especially to novice drivers who have just passed the DMV test. And although the intensity of traffic decreases tenfold, statistics say that 50% of the total number of accidents falls in the dark. Without any doubt, at night it is better, of course, to sleep and not get out of the usual regime and transfer all trips to the daytime. If, nevertheless, the need for a night trip is so urgent that it cannot be tolerated in any way, use our advice.
1. Preparing the car for night driving. If you have to travel at dusk, in the evening or drive at night, you should definitely check your car before leaving:
- Headlights, brake lights, sidelights, wipers, and a sound signal must be in good working order.
- Lights, glass, mirrors must be clean.
- Oils and fluids needed to be checked. Doing this at night on the road will be problematic.
2. You must have a spare wheel, a jack, a set of keys. You can’t wait for help at night. This preparation for the trip will not take long, but it will make driving at night safer and more comfortable.
3. When stopping on unlit sections of the road or streets, leave the parking lights on. Of course, it is better to look for a special parking lot or move away from the road, but if this cannot be done, stop the car in the extreme lane and turn on the hazard warning lights.
4. Maintain optimal speed. In settlements, the speed should not exceed 50 km / h, on suburban roads – 90.
5. When driving in a column, it is advisable to use the low beam headlights, switching to the high beam only if absolutely necessary. If you feel the effect of the blinding rays of a car driving behind you, blink with brake lights, fog lamps, thereby reminding him that he must also switch to the near one. Does not switch – give him the opportunity to overtake you, but do not take revenge, turning on the main beam of headlights or a searchlight.
6. Overtaking is more difficult at night than during the day, and frequent changes and maneuvers are best avoided. The car driving in front, in addition to the passive “guide”, is also a good safety device. Its driver, looking over the road, selects the safest trajectories, first responds to the complication of the road situation, reducing the mental and visual stress of the drivers following him.
7. Pay particular attention to sharp turns on roads, even those that have lighting on both sides. The lights on the inner curb can disorient the driver.
8. Particular vigilance should be exercised when driving in settlements along boulevards, dividing lanes, public transport stops, and other places where there is a high possibility of pedestrians on the road. The increased danger is for the driver and pedestrian crossings, since at night pedestrians incorrectly determine the distance to the driving car and its speed.
9. Monitor the luminosity of the air. The appearance of an approaching car can be predicted by the reflected light of its headlights. From distant floodlights, especially LED ones, the surrounding atmosphere is faintly luminescent. The glow runs in front of the car and is noticeable from afar, even when it hides behind the hills. In addition, light bounces off treetops and even low-lying clouds. Therefore, it is necessary to closely monitor the state of the surrounding objects. If there is even a minimum luminosity, then a difficult overtaking runs the risk of turning into trouble.
10. Clean and adjust the outside mirrors. Dirty mirrors are similar to a dirty windshield and can reflect and distort the light that distracts the driver. Dirty mirrors reflect the lights from cars behind you in the form of glare, so it is imperative to clean them of dirt or water droplets (for the latter, it is enough to turn on the heated mirrors). Also, adjust the outside mirrors at night so that you can divert most of the reflected light from the headlights.