According to the current statistics, African-Americans are living a longer life. Over the 17 years, the death rate has significantly declined to 25 percent, primarily for the age 65 and above. However, besides the improvements, it is still observed that younger African-American are living or dying with health disparities.
The difference is shown in African-Americans in ages 20, 30, and 40. When the diseases occur at an early stage, the chances of death occurring at a younger age are higher. In addition, chronic health conditions and their associated risk factors aren’t shown at an early stage of life.
The specific health concerns associated with African-American women are due to the following reasons:
- Environmental factors
- Cultural factors
- Inability to access care
When you dive into the numbers, an upsetting pattern appears.
Maternal Mortality And Injury Rates in Black Women
Black women die 3 to 4 times more due to pregnancy complications as compared to white women. They are likely to suffer 3 to 4 times a severe disability during childbirth as compared to white women. Moreover, these numbers are irrespective of their income and education level.
Black Women Obtain High Infertility Rate
Up to 12 percent of women are affected by the infertility rate in childbearing age. Unfortunately, this number is doubled up for black women in the United States. In addition, more than 20 percent of African-American women face infertility; only 8 percent of them seek medical advice or help.
African-American Women are Underrepresented in Biomedical Data
In genomic studies, nearly 80 percent of individuals belong of European descent. Thus, it has decreased from 20 years ago when it was near to 96 percent. Nevertheless, the rise in African participants has barely shifted in the last two decades.
How Health Challenges Faced By African-American Women Solved
The challenges and health risk faced by African-American are significantly solved with the following measures, listed below:
Easy Access To Health Insurance
Health insurance access is often the very first step in obtaining quality and affordable health care. It has made incredible progress in the past few years and continues to do so. The step taken forward has helped millions access the health care they require. Nevertheless, while access to health insurance doesn’t eliminate pregnancy risk and health disparities, it certainly plays a considerable role in healthy pregnancy and birth.
Easy Access To Health Care Institutes
Even when you obtain health insurance, timely access, culturally appropriate and quality care are often difficult to obtain. Several African-American women living in underserved areas lack the presence of physical health systems. It is seen in pregnancy cases, where women lack physical proximity to doctors and maternity wards to get maternity care when delivering a baby.
Furthermore, access to a medical specialist, reproductive health care, and mental health care is also of concern. Even when physical access is available, the cost stands in the way for many women to access health care.
What Role Do Public Health Professionals Play?
Public health professionals can get hold of proven programs to lessen up health disparities and barriers. In turn, this creates more opportunities. Furthermore, public health professionals can join hands with different forums, organizations, and other sectors.
They can also link up more and more people to health professionals, including doctors, nurses. In turn, medicos encourage people to get regular checkups and follow-up medical visits.
Public health care professionals create and provide training programs to other medicos. In turn, they obtain a better understanding of the cultural differences in patient interaction.
What Role Do Family Services Play?
Family services work as community organizations that aim in assisting and helping women understand their conditions and educate them about the right time to see a doctor. These community services work for African American families as a whole to help them strive as a family and combat the unfavorable conditions they’re living in.
These services address basic issues of the African-American community, including women and aims to solve them. The role of the family service worker is regarded to typically establishing a relationship with African-American families. It includes an assessment of their needs, their eligibility for several public aids, and walking through the process smoothly.
Family services similar to AAFS offer their services, from the level of basic education to taking the steps to help African American community get their basic rights, including quality health care services for women who need them.